Numerous skincare products target the different types of skin – but how do you determine the kind of skin you have? The four main skin types including oily, dry, normal, and combination skin types. The different skin types are usually determined by genetics. While that is the case, the condition of your skin can vary significantly according to the external and internal factors it may be subjected to.
The normal skin type is one that is believed to be well-balanced. Eudermic is the scientific term that is used to refer to healthy normal skin. The normal skin creates sufficient sebum for skin hydration, so, in reality, this type of skin is oily with just enough sebum to ensure the skin remains healthy. The better word for this type of skin is “Healthy skin,” but this isn’t a true skin type.
Dry skin is one that does not produce enough sebum in relation to the normal skin. For that reason, this type of skin lacks lipids it requires due to the lack of sebum, and as a result, it does not retain the moisture that would build a protective layer against the external elements. This, in turn, results in an impaired barrier function.
It is important to note that dry skin is of different forms and varying degrees of severity. More women than men suffer from dry skin. Also, all skin types get dryers as people grow old. Problems that relate to dry skin are not uncommon and usually, account for approximately 40 percent of the visits to dermatologists and skincare experts.
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The oily skin is one that exhibits heightened sebum production; a process called seborrhea. Oily skin is usually prone to comedones (whiteheads and blackheads) and is also susceptible to acne of varying forms. With mild acne, comedones appear on different parts of the upper body including the chest, back, shoulders, neck, and face. With moderate and severe acne, papules and pustules appear on the upper section of the body, and these are often red and inflamed.
The combination skin is one that comprises of a mix of the different skin types. In this kind of skin, the skin types usually vary in T-Zone as well as the cheeks. T-zone may differ significantly – from an extended to a slim zone. The drier sections of the combination skin are a result of inadequate sebum, while the oilier parts are due to the overproduction of sebum.
Your skin type will always determine the type of skincare products you use. For that reason, you will need first to determine your skin type before purchasing any products for use on your skin. If you are uncertain of your skin type, you can always consult a dermatologist so they can advise you accordingly. You also need to know that skin conditions can vary in the course of your life due to external and internal elements. If you happen to notice some bizarre changes on your skin, do not hesitate to call your dermatologist or your skincare expert.